Cleaner waterin your village and around
According to Directive particularly sensitive areas are to be determined on the basis of criteria set out in Annex II (https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A31991L0271). They include waters subject to eutrophication (in which case significant reductions of nitrates and/or phosphates are required); surface waters with high nitrate levels intended for the abstraction of drinking water; and other waters where higher treatment standards are necessary to fulfil the requirements of other Community Directives.
Equally, Directive 91/271/EEC makes provision for Member States in some circumstances to identify less-sensitive coastal and estuarial areas, where standards of waste water treatment can be lower. In such areas, the Directive requires a minimum of primary treatment (a physical and/or chemical process involving the settlement of suspended organic solids that produces a specified reduction in biological oxygen demand (BOD)), while ‘comprehensive studies’ must at the same time indicate that the environment is not adversely affected.
In Finland some of these sparsely populated areas are situated on islands, or on the shores of the Baltic Sea or beside inland lakes, where the natural environment is unusually sensitive and water protection is extremely important. Sensitive areas are e.g. shore lines and important ground water areas, which are more susceptible to changes in the environment, thus stricter reduction targets are enacted.
VillageWaters suggest most effective wastewater treatment solutions in scattered dwellings households, which use their own, independently operated water purification systems.
Environmentally oriented families and homeowners, who live in scattered dwellings areas, where connecting to larger wastewater plants is not option because rural distances.
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